- Initial setup
- Basic usage
- Easy pullup: pcidevs change
- Complicated pullup: firefox update
- Applying pullups, releng side
- Maintaining third-party software on a vendor branch
Think of Mercurial as having a local VCS server, and having commands to sync between your local server and the remote one.
A commit changes your local repository, "push" and "pull" are actions on all branches.
The working tree is the content of the actual directory in the filesystem.
Get mercurial from pkgsrc/devel/mercurial or pkgin install mercurial.
Obtain the source tree using:
hg clone https://anonhg.NetBSD.org/src hg clone https://anonhg.NetBSD.org/xsrc hg clone https://anonhg.NetBSD.org/pkgsrc
adjust your username:
hg config --edit username = Mercurial User <mynetbsdlogin@NetBSD.org>
hg add new-file.c hg remove removed-file.c hg mv old-name.c new-name.c
Inspect the state of your tree
hg diff hg status hg commit # Mercurial will commit all changed files in the repository.
Interact with the remote server:
hg pull # Update your local repository from the remote hg update # Update your working tree to the latest trunk hg outgoing # Inspect state about to be pushed hg push # Update the remote repository
It is still possible to email a mail-index link to pullup-8, but let's show the alternative way, of creating the patch to send out. We want to backport a pcidevs change to netbsd-8, let's first find the change:
hg update netbsd-8 cd sys/dev/pci hg log pcidevs changeset: 447923:cfc8bf1e08b0 branch: trunk user: msaitoh <msaitoh@NetBSD.org> date: Mon Jan 28 03:37:27 2019 +0000 summary: Add AMD Family 17h devices from OpenBSD.
Now to apply it:
hg graft 447923 grafting 447923:cfc8bf1e08b0 " Add AMD Family 17h devices from OpenBSD." merging sys/dev/pci/pcidevs merge: warning: conflicts during merge merging sys/dev/pci/pcidevs failed! abort: unresolved conflicts, can't continue (use 'hg resolve' and 'hg graft --continue')
The conflicts are most likely RCSIDs. Let's resolve them. open the file and look for "^=======":
$NetBSD: pcidevs,v 1.1289.2.12 2018/12/04 12:02:12 martin Exp
$NetBSD: pcidevs,v 1.1359 2019/01/26 18:30:48 msaitoh Exp
Edit it to only show the CVS branch RCSID:
$NetBSD: pcidevs,v 1.1289.2.12 2018/12/04 12:02:12 martin Exp
Mark the file resolved:
hg resolve -m pcidevs # Mark conflict as resolved (no more unresolved files) continue: hg graft --continue hg graft --continue
We're done. Let's create a patch to send to releng:
hg export -r "outgoing()" -o pullup-pcidevs
inspect pullup-pcidevs, and send this to pullup-8:
To: pullup-8@NetBSD.org Subject: pcidevs update Hello releng, please pullup this change to pcidevs. Thanks, Mercurial User.
And attach pullup-pcidevs.
We want to backport an update to firefox to pkgsrc-2018Q4, which has firefox 64.0. First, locate the commits we want to backport:
hg update pkgsrc-2018Q4 # Change to the branch cd pkgsrc/www/firefox hg log . changeset: 318928:08850549da8a branch: trunk user: ryoon <email@example.com> date: Fri Feb 01 16:47:59 2019 +0000 summary: Bump PKGREVISION changeset: 318799:ae2a80757ebc branch: trunk user: tnn <firstname.lastname@example.org> date: Tue Jan 29 22:33:57 2019 +0000 summary: remove obsolete hacks.mk & reduce diffs between mozilla derivative packages changeset: 318788:3b3b81d77487 branch: trunk user: ryoon <email@example.com> date: Tue Jan 29 16:28:22 2019 +0000 summary: Updatet to 65.0 changeset: 318321:e0a4a2cb523a branch: trunk user: jperkin <firstname.lastname@example.org> date: Wed Jan 23 15:45:48 2019 +0000 summary: firefox: Remove -pie on SunOS. changeset: 317595:55e70f55a5a6 branch: trunk user: ryoon <email@example.com> date: Thu Jan 10 13:37:40 2019 +0000 summary: Update to 64.0.2 changeset: 316976:e0780dfada82 branch: trunk user: gutteridge <firstname.lastname@example.org> date: Sun Dec 23 01:11:26 2018 +0000 summary: firefox: fix .mk file inclusion order issue changeset: 316509:6024a48bce43 branch: trunk user: prlw1 <email@example.com> date: Fri Dec 14 10:21:27 2018 +0000 summary: Fix build with webrtc option. changeset: 316413:c57c62ca7a2d branch: trunk user: ryoon <firstname.lastname@example.org> date: Wed Dec 12 14:08:50 2018 +0000 summary: Update to 64.0
We need the changes after 316413 (not including) to update 64->65. Let's naively try to combine all of them:
hg graft --log 316509 316976 317595 318321 318788 318799 318928 skipping ancestor revision 316509:6024a48bce43 skipping ancestor revision 316976:e0780dfada82 grafting 317595:55e70f55a5a6 "Update to 64.0.2" grafting 318321:e0a4a2cb523a "firefox: Remove -pie on SunOS." grafting 318788:3b3b81d77487 "Updatet to 65.0" grafting 318799:ae2a80757ebc "remove obsolete hacks.mk & reduce diffs between mozilla derivative packages" merging mail/thunderbird/Makefile merge: warning: conflicts during merge merging mail/thunderbird/Makefile failed! abort: unresolved conflicts, can't continue (use 'hg resolve' and 'hg graft --continue')
This doesn't work because the commit:
318799:ae2a80757ebc "remove obsolete hacks.mk & reduce diffs between mozilla derivative packages"
has changes to multiple packages, and we don't want to pullup mail/thunderbird at this time.
Let's start over, manually applying the patch in 318799:ae2a80757ebc only to www/firefox.
`hg diff .` will create a diff for the current directory only.
hg graft --abort hg graft --log 316509 316976 317595 318321 318788 hg diff -r 318799 . > my-manual-patch # Create a patch only for www/firefox patch -p3 -R < my-manual-patch # Patch only www/firefox hg commit -m "Manually merge 318799 changes to www/firefox" hg graft --log 318928 grafting 318928:08850549da8a "Bump PKGREVISION"
Test to make sure the package still works.
Now, let's export this all as a changeset to email:
hg export -r "outgoing()" -o pullup-firefox
pullup-firefox is a file containing all your changes, compared to the remote repository. Inspect that changes in it make sense, and then send it:
To: pullup-pkgsrc@NetBSD.org Subject: Firefox update to 65.0 Please update firefox to 65.0, a security fix. Attached you will find a patch doing this. Attach pullup-firefox Thanks, Mercurial User.
Once that's done, we can delete all our local changes:
hg strip -r 'draft()'
hg import pullup-firefox
Theory: create a branch where the only files are the ones from the vendor, so our new changes are easy to identify.
Let's import libXau 1.0.9, in xsrc external/mit/libXau/dist. First download the distribution tarball.
The main thing interesting us are our local diffs to re-apply, let's save them.
For this we must identify the libXau 1.0.8 commit/branch:
changeset: 8643:fba216e78634 branch: trunk user: mrg <mrg@NetBSD.org> date: Fri May 31 00:34:34 2013 +0000 summary: initial import of libXau-1.0.8
Let's save our local changes:
cd xsrc/external/mit/libXau/dist hg diff -r 8643 . > /tmp/libXau-local-changes
Assuming no libXau vendor branch exists, let's create a new one. This tree will contain just libXau at its upstream version. Let's get an empty tree, the zeroth commit:
hg update 0 hg branch libXau mkdir -p external/mit/libXau/dist cd external/mit/libXau/dist tar xvzf ~/Downloads/libXau-1.0.9.tar.gz libXau-1.0.9/AuRead.c libXau-1.0.9/INSTALL libXau-1.0.9/Makefile.in
That unpacked in libXau-1.0.9, let's move that to dist:
mv libXau-1.0.9/* .; rm -r libXau-1.0.9/
Now, commit our import:
hg add . hg commit
Import libXau 1.0.9 Alan Coopersmith (3): XauFileName: always go through buf allocation if buf is NULL Update configure.ac bug URL for gitlab migration libXau 1.0.9
Let's try to merge that to trunk:
hg update trunk hg merge -r libXau Some merges will fail: merging external/mit/libXau/dist/test-driver failed! 11 files updated, 0 files merged, 0 files removed, 18 files unresolved use 'hg resolve' to retry unresolved file merges or 'hg merge --abort' to abandon
We want libXau 1.0.9 in the end, so let's resolve all those conflicts using their version:
hg resolve -t internal:other --all
Now, let's re-apply our local changes:
patch -p5 < /tmp/libXau-local-changes
Test that this works, adjust our local changes as needed, and commit:
hg commit -m "Merge libXau 1.0.9"